Canadian Exchange Traded Funds ETFs

InvestorsFriend’s one-stop Canadian ETF reference Site provides: (For stock, bond, gold and other ETFs) 

  1. Selected Canadian Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and ETF trading symbols
  2. Fundamental data for each selected Canadian ETF (P/E ratio, P/B ratio and dividend yield on the fund)
  3. Links to updated P/E ratio, P/B ratio, dividend yield and other information on each ETF or its  underlying index.
  4. Links to each Canadian ETF for an updated price and for news items.
  5. Management Expense Ratio (MER) of each selected Canadian ETF.
  6. Includes Canadian Fixed Income Bond Exchange Traded Funds ETFs as well
  7. Links to the sponsor web site of each ETF for updated fundamentals and lists of the companies in each ETF and the weight of each company can be seen
  8. Includes physical Gold ETFs, physical Silver ETFs, Oil ETFs, and Natural Gas ETFs

With this one article a diversified Canadian ETF Exchange Traded Fund portfolio could be selected and purchased within an hour or so. See also our article on selected global ETFs Exchange Traded Funds

For an even simpler approach we have also provided a basic low-fee diversified ETF portfolio using Canadian and global ETFs. We also give you the symbols to achieve a broadly balanced portfolio using just one single ETF! It does not get any easier than that!

See more explanatory notes below this table.

Send specific questions to


Canadian ETF name: Trailing P/E  (Click for update) Dividend Yield % (Click for update) ETF Stock Symbol and Price as at September 23, ’19  Comments
HIGHER YIELDING DIVIDEND CANADIAN EQUITY STOCK ETFs – (updated February 7, 2024) Note that the cash distributions on equity ETFs can be surprisingly volatile. The past year’s dividends can be found on Yahoo Finance under historical data, dividends only or in some cases by clicking the links here to the ETF provider.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Financials Index ETF and double bull ETF and double bear ETF P/E 13.7 and P/B = 1.41

Calculated ROE 10.3%

4.7% yield


XFN $47.49 (0.61% MER)

HFU $19.78 (1.15% MER) 2 times bull HFD $10.01 (1.15% MER) 2 times bear

27 companies in the ETF dominated by the big banks and life insurance companies. XFN looks very attractive.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Utilities Index ETF P/E 21.0 and P/B = 1.52

Calculated ROE 7.2%

4.0% yield XUT $25.22 (0.62% MER) 16 companies. Heavily weighted to Fortis, Brookfield Infrastructure, Emera and Hydro One. This is reasonably attractive.
Vanguard  FTSE Canadian Capped REIT Index ETF P/E 20.7
PB 1.0
ROE 8.5%
Calculated ROE 4.8%
2.65% yield VRE $30.09 (0.39% MER) 18 REITs, well diversified. P/E and ROE may be completely unreliable due to IFRS mark to market valuations of properties held by REITs. Neutral in attractiveness
Vanguard FTSE Canada High Dividend Yield Index ETF P/E 14.0
P/B 1.6
ROE 12.4%
Calculated ROE 11.4%
4.6%  yield VDY $41.66 (0.22% MER) Note the low MER

About 52 companies 56% weighting to financials and 27% to oil and gas. Looks attractive.

iShares Canadian Select Dividend Yield Index ETF P/E 11.9 and P/B = 1.39

Calculated ROE 11.7%

5.3% yield
XDV $27.32 (0.55% MER) Appears quite attractive. About 30 companies in the ETF. This dividend ETF is far more evenly weighted by company than the one above but is still 56% financials. Appears quite attractive.
iShares Canadian Value Index ETF P/E 13.4 and P/B = 1.48

Calculated ROE 11.0%

4.1% yield XCV $32.86 (0.55% MER) 38 companies. There is a heavy weighting in the banks and a total of 56% in financials 26% in Energy Appears attractive.
iShares S&P/TSX Canadian Dividend Aristocrats Index ETF  P/E 13.5 and P/B = 1.39

Calculated ROE 10.3%

4.0% yield CDZ $31.04 (0.67% MER) 91companies. None of the companies are heavily weighted. Financials 29%, Energy 11%. This appears reasonably attractive.
S&P/TSX Preferred Share Index not Applicable to Preferred 5.8% yield CPD $11.34 (0.50% MER) About 170 preferred share issues. (Subject to check) 82% are rate reset issues, 14% are perpetual fixed, the remainder are floating rate. This is quite attractive for the yield.
TSX Segment Index Trailing P/E (Click for update) Dividend Yield % (Click for update) ETF Stock Symbol, (Click for updated price) Comment
CANADIAN EQUITY ETFs (February 7, 2024) Note that the cash distributions on equity ETFs can be surprisingly volatile. The past year’s dividends can be found on Yahoo Finance under historical data, dividends only or in some cases by clicking the links here to the ETF provider.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Composite index ETF  P/E 14.6 and P/B = 1.86

Calculated ROE 12.7%

3.0% yield XIC $33.43 (0.06% MER) 226 companies. Appears neutral in attractiveness. 31% Financials, 17% energy, 14% Industrials, 10% Materials, 9%, I.T, 19% in six smaller sectors. Incredibly low management fee.
iShares S&P/TSX 60 (Large Cap) Index ETF and TSX 60 bull and bear ETFs  P/E 15.5 and P/B = 1.96

Calculated ROE 12.6%

3.2% yield

No dividend on HXU, HIX or HXD

XIU $32.07 (0.18% MER)

HXU $20.10 (1.15% MER) 2 times bull

HIX $28.75 Single Bear 1.15% MER

HXD $6.45 (1.15% MER) 2 times bear

60 large companies. 34% Financials, 17% Energy, 13% Industrials, 10% I.T., 8% Materials and 18% in five smaller categories.  This allows broad exposure to the Canadian large cap stock market at a low fee. Appears neutral in attractiveness. 
S&P/TSX Mid and Small Cap Index (Completion Index) and TSX mid-cap ETF P/E 11.5 and P/B = 1.51

Calculated ROE 13.1%

1.9% yield XMD $31.46 (0.61% MER) This ETF is more diversified. 19% Industrials, 18% Materials, 17% Energy, 16% Financials. Looks reasonably attractive but the lower P/E may reflect lower ROE sectors 165 companies.
S&P/TSX Small Cap Index and TSX small cap ETF P/E 8.0 and P/B = 1.17

Calculated ROE 14.6%

2.8% yield XCS $17.77 (0.61% MER)  Looks attractive on P/E but note the weighting to mining. 28% Materials (mining) 18% Energy, 14% Industrials. 249 companies.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Consumer Staples Index ETF  P/E 18.5 and P/B = 2.88

Calculated ROE 15.6%

 0.8% yield XST $90.71 (0.61% MER) Appears neutral in attractiveness but note the high quality companies which justify a higher P/E. Only 11 companies mostly Couche-Tard and grocery stores.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Energy Index ETF and TSX Energy double bull ETF and TSX Energy  double bear ETF P/E 5.9 and P/B = 1.5

Calculated ROE 25%

4.4% yield

No dividend on HEU or HED

XEG $15.02 (0.62% MER)

HEU $21.28 (1.15% MER) 2 times bull

HED $6.14 (1.15% MER) 2 times bear

31 companies. Looks extremely attractive but that depends on oil and gas prices. Huge 48% weighting to CNRL and Suncor another 12% in Cenovus
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Information technology Index ETF P/E 44.2 and P/B = 5.74

Calculated ROE 13.0%

0.0% yield XIT $55.46 (0.61% MER) Appears unattractive on valuation but includes high growth companies – about 24 companies in this ETF. Extremely concentrated in Constellation Software, CGI and Shopify totalling 70%. 
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Materials Index TSX Materials ETF  P/E 11.4 and P/B = 1.29

Calculated ROE 11.3%

1.3% yield XMA $16.24 (0.61% MER) 52 companies, with 57% weighting to gold companies, looks reasonably attractive based on trailing earnings but this can change rapidly 
iShares Canadian Growth Index ETF  P/E 19.4 and P/B = 3.03

Calculated ROE 15.6%

 1.0% yield XCG $48.31 (0.55% MER) 44 companies not particularly attractive although growth and the high ROE may offset the high P/E. Fairly good diversification.
CANADIAN FIXED INCOME BOND ETFs (dated February 7, 2024) For all bond ETFs be aware that the yield to maturity and NOT the cash yield is the best estimate of return, assuming interest rates remain unchanged or assuming a long holding period mimicking holding individual bonds to maturity. See also our comments below.
Bond Type (Click for updated yield to maturity and to see the individual bonds in the index) Average Term of Bonds in Years Average  Yield to Maturity before MER on index and cash yield on ETF ETF Stock Symbol, (Click for updated price) Comment (Bonds and Bond ETFs are more suitable to tax-sheltered accounts than taxable) The attractiveness of these bond funds depends heavily on the future direction of interest rates.
ishares Core Canadian Universe Bond Index ETF (Mostly Government and some Corporate) 9.6 years 4.25% YTM

3.1% cash yield

XBB $27.53 (0.19% MER) Appears reasonably attractive assuming interest rates will decline.  
Vanguard Canadian Corporate Bond Index ETF 7.1 years

See fact sheet

4.7% YTM

3.9% cash yield

VCB $23.28 (0.17% MER) A reasonably attractive yield.
Vanguard Canadian Government Index ETF  11.1 years 

See fact sheet

 3.7% YTM

3.1% cash yield

 VGV $22.00 (0.17 MER) Appears unattractive but has no credit risk
ishares Core Canadian Long Term Bond Index ETF (mix of mostly government and some corporate) 22.7 years 4.3% YTM

3.9% cash yield

XLB $19.13 (0.20% MER) Not a very attractive yield but will offer capital gains if long-term interest rates decline materially.
iShares Canadian Real Return Bond Index ETF 13.0 years Real yield 1.8%

YTM 3.4% (presumably expected)

Cash yield 2.3%

XRB $21.70 (0.39% MER)

This is a confusing investment it did very poorly with the recent inflation that it was supposed to protect against

Real return bonds (in theory) protect against inflation but pay modest yields and do not at all protect against a rise in the real (before inflation) interest rates. High MER.
Vanguard Canadian Short-Term Corporate Bond Index ETF 2.9 years

See fact sheet

4.65% YTM

3.5% cash yield

VSC $23.21 (0.11% MER ) 4.65% YTM minus the MER is at least higher than (most) bank account interest. Note the low MER.
General comments on Bonds and Bond ETFs: Bond interest is taxed more heavily than share dividends or capital gains. Therefore they are more suitable for tax-sheltered savings accounts. (RRSP, RESP, Tax Free Savings Account). Bonds, and especially longer term bonds fall in price when interest rates rise. Long-term interest rates are currently near record lows and therefore there is a high risk that interest rates will rise and that bond prices will fall. The real return bond partly protects against that risk. Corporate Bonds fall in price when corporate profits fall and or whenever corporations are viewed as more risky or when interest rates rise in general. Bond and Bond ETF cash yields can be higher than the underlying yield to maturity – don’t be misled – the offset would be an expected capital loss as the bonds are trading at a premium to their maturity price. Most of almost all Bond ETF are currently holding bonds that on average trade above their maturity value and they WILL suffer capital losses on those holdings. Bond ETF cash distributions are surprisingly volatile. Investors should review the cash distributions in the past year to get a better understanding of the yield. See also our articles on bond investing.
GOLD AND COMMODITY ETFs (updated February 8, 2024)
Commodity Type P/E Ratio Yield ETF Stock Symbol, (Click for updated price Comment
iShares S&P/TSX Global Gold Index ETF P/E 26.3 and P/B =1.52

Calculated ROE 5.8%

1.6% yield

erratic dividend

No dividends on the bear/bull ETFs

XGD $15.93 (0.61% MER)

HGU $10.65 (1.15% MER) 2 times bull

HGD $6.68 (1.15% MER) 2 times bear

41 Global gold companies. My experience has been that gold companies tend to be often over-priced due to a “lottery ticket” mentality.

P/E is unattractively high at this time but that can change quickly

Horizons GOLD Futures Contract Index ETF (HUG) not applicable not applicable HUG $16.08 MER 0.35% Gold price in Canadian dollars and hedged to remove currency risk. Endeavors to correspond to the performance of the Solactive Gold Front Month MD Rolling Futures Index ER. It does not own physical gold


iShares Gold Bullion Trust not applicable not applicable CGL $16.25 MER = 0.55% This is gold itself as a commodity. This Trust owns physical Gold. Hedged to the Canadian dollar.
iShares Silver Bullion Fund not applicable not applicable SVR $10.96 MER = 0.66% This is silver itself as a commodity. Trades in Canadian dollars and it is hedged. This Trust owns physical Silver.
Horizons Silver Futures Contract Index ETF (HUZ) not applicable not applicable HUZ $10.16 MER 0.65% Silver Price ETF in Canadian dollars and hedged to remove currency risk. Endeavors to correspond to the performance of the Solactive Silver Front Month MD Rolling Futures ER. It does not own physical silver. 
Horizons Crude Oil ETF (HUC) not applicable not applicable HUC $21.09 MER 0.75% Emulates December contract for light sweet Crude. Priced in Canadian dollars and Hedged. This should go up if the Winter futures price for oil rises. And the reverse. 
Horizons Betapro Crude Oil 2x Bull  ETF

Horizons Betapro Crude Oil 2x Bear  ETF

not applicable not applicable HOU  $12.78 MER 1.15%

HOD  $7.99 MER 1.15%

2x Bull Attempts to emulate a 200% continuous exposure to the next month’s oil futures contract, 2x Bear Attempts to emulate a 200% continuous exposure to selling the next month oil futures contract. Hedged to Canadian dollars.
Horizons NATURAL GAS ETF (HUN) not applicable not applicable HUN $7.47 MER 0.75% Emulates Winter contract for Natural Gas. Priced in Canadian dollars and Hedged. This ETF should go up if the January natural gas price rises. And the reverse. 
Horizons Betapro Natural Gas 2x Bull ETF

Horizons Betapro Natural Gas 2x Bear ETF

not applicable not applicable HNU   $5.06 MER 1.15%

HND  $95.69 MER 1.15%

2x Bull Attempts to emulate a 200% exposure to the next month Natural gas future. 2x Bear Attempts to emulate a 200% exposure to selling the next month Natural gas future contract. Hedged to Canadian dollars.

We provide the P/E and dividend yields as of  early February 2024 and other comments. But we also provide links  so that you can check the latest P/E, P/B, dividend yield and the ETF prices. Therefore this Canadian ETF reference article can be used at any date, not just near the date it was last updated.

Keep in mind that P/E ratios P/B ratios and yields (and the resulting valuation comments) are based on the earnings and dividend information available at a point in time. For example the figures here updated in early February, 2023 would generally reflect Q3 2023 trailing year earnings and financials. Ratios are always subject to change as financial results change and as the ETF prices change. You can click to see the updated P/E and dividend yield as earnings get reported and as the ETF prices change. You can also click the price and then click to see the short and long-term price history. Some are abysmal.

If the earnings are expected to rise or fall substantially compared to the earnings in the most recent four quarters reported, then the most recent P/E ratio would not be reliable as a valuation indicator. Nevertheless, the trailing P/E ratios are what they are, and investors should find value in being aware of them. It appears that the exchange traded funds report P/Es that they have often adjusted in some way, presumably to make them more representative. iShares uses the weighted average harmonic mean P/Es of the constituent companies. We understand that such P/Es tend to be lower (and therefore look more attractive)  than simply the total earnings of the index divided by its price. But we understand that the harmonic mean P/E is appropriate for use.

Keep in mind that stocks are volatile and a segment that looks attractive on trailing earnings may not be attractive if earnings fall sharply, but the opposite applies if earnings start to rise rapidly.

Please note  the special and dangerous nature of leveraged ETFs (2 or three times bull or bear). They are known to perform as expected for very short-term holding periods but may not perform as expected over longer holding periods. Click on the leveraged ETF symbols below to see a graph that illustrates the problem. In general they are meant for pure speculation rather than investment. We include commodity ETFs and these too are much more for speculation than investment.

Note also that the P/E, P/B and dividend yields have been taken from the ETF fund web sites.

Also note that a number of the ETFs are called “capped” but in fact the weighting of the largest company is as high as 25% in some cases.

For those interested in Canadian ETFs this should be an excellent reference article. You can bookmark it and also join our free newsletter list to be advised of periodic updates to this table.

These Canadian ETFs trade just like stocks on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the trading symbol is provided. Buying the Exchange Traded Fund gives convenient exposure to the segment or commodity.

With the information above, investors can make a judgment as to the desirability of various segments of the Canadian market and we provide the trading symbol under which each can be purchased.

This can help you decide which sectors are most (or least) attractive. (Financial, Energy, Real Estate etc.)

While it can be very difficult to interpret whether a particular P/E , or P/B ratio is attractive or not, it is useful to be aware of these ratios. In theory the P/E ratio of an index should be more meaningful than the P/E for an individual stock since the group of companies that make up an index are less prone to unusual gains and losses since these tend to average out. But in some cases they do not average out and an index P/E could be affected by large unusual gains or losses at individual companies or something unusual that is affecting the entire sector.

In buying or selling any of these Canadian ETFs be cautious about the trading volume and the bid/ask spread. Higher volume ETFs are preferred, all else being equal.

In buying any of these, be careful to double check the Canadian ETF trading symbol with other sources. I believe the symbols above are correct, but please double check. A wrong symbol could lead to to the wrong investment. Also check the latest P/E ratios and dividend yield by clicking the links above. When clicking links check that it goes to the Canadian ETF name that you expect.

Investors may wish to consider the expected growth or contraction of the earnings that are driving the P/E for a particular segment. High growth can justify a high P/E and low or negative growth leads to lower P/E ratios. Also for some industries like mining and real estate, the GAAP earnings may arguably understate sustainable free cash flow therefore justifying a higher P/E. For more on this see our articles on understanding P/E ratios. Possibly, some segments, which may not have a lot of companies in the sector, are affected by one or two companies within the sector having unusual losses or gains.


Shawn Allen, CFA, CMA, MBA, P.Eng.
InvestorsFriend Inc.
Last updated: February 8, 2024

This reference article was first published on September 24, 2004 with nine ETFs and has been updated many times since then and also greatly expanded. In all that time, I have never seen any other published list of Canadian ETFs include the P/E ratios.

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